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Droits De l'Homme Du Citoyens

Expired or discarded

Chamber: General Assembly
NS id: atemisia_1584697218
Created: 2020-03-20 05:40

Category: Civil Rights
Option: Strong
Author: atemisia

The Representatives of the Peoples, constituted in a World Assembly, considering that ignorance, oblivion or contempt for human rights are the only causes of public misfortunes and corruption of Governments, have resolved to expose, in a Solemn Declaration, the natural, inalienable and sacred rights of Man, so that this Declaration, constantly present to all Members of the social body, constantly reminds them of their rights and their duties; so that the acts of the legislative power, and those of the executive power, which can be constantly compared with the aim of any political institution, are more respected; so that the citizens' complaints, now based on simple and incontestable principles, always turn to the maintenance of the Constitution and the happiness of all.
Consequently, the World Assembly recognizes and declares, in the presence and under the auspices of the Supreme Being, the following rights of Man and of the Citizen.
Art. 1st. Men are born and remain free and equal in rights. Social distinctions can only be based on common utility.
Art. 2. The aim of any political association is the conservation of natural and imprescriptible human rights. These rights are freedom, property, security, and resistance to oppression.
Art. 3. The principle of all Sovereignty essentially resides in the Nation. No body, no individual can exercise authority which does not expressly emanate from it.
Art. 4. Liberty consists in being able to do everything that does not harm others: thus, the exercise of the natural rights of each man has no limits except those which assure the other Members of the Society the enjoyment of these same rights. These limits can only be determined by law.
Art. 5. The Law has the right to defend only actions harmful to the Company. Everything that is not forbidden by law cannot be prevented, and no one can be forced to do what it does not order.
Art. 6. The Law is the expression of the general will. All Citizens have the right to participate personally, or through their Representatives, in its training. It must be the same for everyone, whether it protects or punishes. All the Citizens being equal in his eyes are also eligible for all public dignities, places and jobs, according to their capacity, and without other distinction than that of their virtues and their talents.
Art. 7. No man may be accused, arrested or detained except in the cases determined by law, and according to the forms which it has prescribed. Those who solicit, dispatch, execute or have executed arbitrary orders must be punished; but every citizen called or seized under the Law must obey immediately: he is guilty of resistance.
Art. 8. The Law should only establish penalties that are strictly and obviously necessary, and no one can be punished except by virtue of a Law established and promulgated prior to the offense, and legally applied.
Art. 9. Any man being presumed innocent until found guilty, if it is considered essential to arrest him, any rigor which would not be necessary to ensure his person must be severely punished by the law.
Art. 10. No one should be worried about his opinions, even religious, provided that their manifestation does not disturb public order established by law.
Art. 11. The free communication of thoughts and opinions is one of the most precious human rights: any Citizen can therefore speak, write, print freely, except to answer for the abuse of this freedom in the cases determined by the Law .
Art. 12. The guarantee of human and citizens' rights requires a public force: this force is therefore instituted for the benefit of all, and not for the particular benefit of those to whom it is entrusted.
 Art. 13. For the maintenance of the public force, and for the administrative expenses, a common contribution is essential: it must be equally distributed among all the citizens, because of their faculties.
Art. 14. All Citizens have the right to recognize, by themselves or through their representatives, the need for public contribution, to freely consent to it, to monitor its use, and to determine the quota, the amount trim, recovery and duration.
Art. 15. The Company has the right to request an account from any Public Agent in its administration.
Art. 16. Any Company in which the guarantee of Rights is not guaranteed, nor the separation of Powers determined, has no Constitution.
Art. 17. Property being an inviolable and sacred right, no one can be deprived of it, except when public need, legally established, obviously requires it, and under the condition of a just and preliminary compensation.


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